Chinese dating shanghai
Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, as a republic replaced the Qing dynasty.
The Chinese Civil War led to the break up of the country in 1949, with the victorious Communist Party of China founding the People’s Republic of China on the mainland while the losing Kuomintang retreated to Taiwan, a dispute which is still unresolved.
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing.
As of 2016 The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the UN Security Council in 1971.
In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin unified core China and established the first Chinese dynasty.
The succeeding Han dynasty saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements.
King Zheng of Qin proclaimed himself the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty.The Song dynasty also saw a revival of Confucianism, in response to the growth of Buddhism during the Tang, However, the military weakness of the Song army was observed by the Jurchen Jin dynasty.In 1127, Emperor Huizong of Song and the capital Bianjing were captured during the Jin–Song Wars.The invention of gunpowder and printing in the Tang dynasty completed the Four Great Inventions.Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new maritime Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Somalia.